This example comprises two wires in free space without ground plane. The wires have a dielectric jacket. The dielectric properties of this jacket are frequency dependent. However, since the use of the Laplace solver is not specified for this test case, the dielectric jacket is not taken into account in this simulation (it will be in some of the later test cases). The model does include the frequency dependent effect of the finite conductivity of the conductors. For further explantation of the terms used please refer to the User and Theory manuals.
Schematic cross-section of the example of two insulated wires in free space.
1. Launch the SACAMOS SW1 application.
2. From the file menu chose 'Select MOD' to browse to an existing cable model directory or 'Create MOD' to create a new one. Here we have created a new MOD directory called 'MOD_WEB_EXAMPLES'. Note: that all MOD directories have to reside in the root of the SACAMOS folder.
3. Once MOD has been selected the main GUI window will look like:
4. The other menus on the toolbar will now be enabled.
1. From the 'Cable Model' menu chose 'Cylindrical Cable'.
2. Enter a name for the cable model e.g. single_wire
3. Now enter the parameters for the cable model, note all dimensions are in meters (m) and can be in floating point or scientific (E) notation :
conductor radius = 1.905e-4
dielectric radius = 0.5e-3
conductor conductivity = 5e7
check the box for 'frequency dependent model'
normalisation constant = 1e8
a order = 1
a constants = 2.60 2.25 (note: the parameters are space seperated)
b order = 1
b constants = 1.0 1.0 (note: the parameters are spaced seperated)
4. Click 'SAVE'. If all is correct, the save button will be disabled. Then click 'BUILD'.
5. The Run Satus will appear and state that the cable model builder finished correctly.
6. Close the cable model window.
1. From the 'Bundle Model' menu chose 'Create Bundle'.
2. Enter a name for the cable bundle model e.g. FD_2_Wire.
3. Expand the 'Cable' directory on the 'Cable Component Browser'.
4. To place a cable in the bundle, double click the cable in the component browser and enter the required x and y coordinates of the cable's centre (and rotation if appropriate) and click 'OK' to place the cable.
For cable 1 place it at: x = 3.0e-3, y = 0.0 and rotation = 0.0
For cable 2 place it at: y = 0.0 , y = 0.0 and rotation = 0.0
5. Click 'SAVE'. If all is correct, the save button will be disabled. Then click 'BUILD'.
6. The Run Satus will appear and state that the cable model builder finished correctly.
7. Close the cable model window.
1. From the main SACAMOS GUI. Expand the 'Cable' and 'Bundle' branches of the 'MOD Browser'. There should be entries for the cable and bundle models created above.
2. Double clicking the 'cable_spec' entries will display the cable or bundle. For cables the relevant data will also be displayed.
1. From the 'Spice Model' menu chose 'Create Spice Model'.
2. Enter a name for the Spice model e.g. FD_2_Wire.
3. Expand the 'Bundle' directory in the file browser and select the bundle for which the Spice model is required by double clicking on the '.bundle_spec' file. The schematic will then be displayed.
4. Enter the lenght of cable that the model will represent, in meters, e.g. 1.9.
5. No more details are required for this model. Therefore click 'SAVE' and then 'BUILD'.
6. The Run Satus will appear and state that the Spice model builder finished correctly.
7. Close the cable model window.
Spice models have now been created for NGspice, LTspice and Pspice, along with symbols for NGspice and LTspice. These symbols now need to be placed in the symbol folders for the schematic capture being used. For the example that follows this will be gschem, part of the gEDA suite which requires the '.sym' file.
Note only the symbol files need to be exported the associated ',lib' files remain in the MOD folder and must not be moved as the locationof the .lib file is encoded in the .sym file.
1. From the 'Spice Model' menu chose 'Export Spice Model'.
2. From here browse to the symbol folders for the schematic capture system you are using. For example for gschem installed in the root directory of a Windows system the path is: 'C:\gEDA\gEDA\share\gEDA\sym\local'
3. Click 'EXPORT'
4.Click 'CLOSE'. The symbols can now be used in the schematic capture porcess...